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Abashevo culture

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Bronze Age
Neolithic

Near East (3300-1200 BC)

Caucasus, Anatolia, Aegean, Levant, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Elam, Sistan
Bronze Age collapse

South Asia (3000-1200 BC)

Europe (2300-600 BC)

Beaker culture
Unetice culture
Urnfield culture
Hallstatt culture
Atlantic Bronze Age
Bronze Age Britain
Nordic Bronze Age

China (2000-700 BC)

Korea (800-400 BC)

arsenical bronze
writing, literature
sword, chariot

Iron age

Abashevo culture is a later Bronze Age (ca. 17th–16th centuries BC) archaeological culture found in the valleys of the Volga and Kama River north of the Samara bend and into the southern Ural Mountains. It receives its name from a village of Abashevo in Chuvashia. Artifacts are kurgans and remnants of settlements.

The economy was mixed agriculture. Cattle as well as other domestic animals were kept. Horses were evident and there is evidence for the chariot; the equipment (cheek pieces) is said to compare well to those of (earliest) Mycenae.

It follows the Yamna culture in its inhumation practices in tumuli. Grave offerings are scant, little more than a pot or two.

There is evidence of copper-smelting, and the culture would seem connected to copper mining activities in the southern Urals.

Linguistically, it is presumptively Indo-Iranian. There were likely contacts with Uralic-speakers, and this is a convenient place for the origin of some loan-words into Uralic.

It occupied part of the area of the earlier Fatyanovo-Balanovo culture, the eastern variant of the earlier Corded Ware culture, but whatever relationship there is between the two cultures is uncertain.

It is succeeded by the Srubna culture.

NotesEdit

SourcesEdit

cv:Апаш культури

de:Abashevo-Kultur it:Cultura di Abashevo lt:Abaševo kultūra nl:Abasjevocultuur ru:Абашевская культура vi:Văn hóa Abashevo

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