The Aurunci were an Italic population which lived in southern Italy from around the 1st millennium BC. Of Indo-European origin, their language belonged to the Oscan group. The Auruncan territory extended south from that of the Volsci, in the area of Roccamonfina, between the Liri and the Volturno rivers.
The Roman sources describe them as an unevolved population, which preferred to live in defensive villages over the tops of the hills. The Aurunci were allied with the Latin colony of Pomezia, attacked by the Romans in the 6th century BC. the Romans subjected them only after the Samnite Wars (313 BC).