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Karasuk culture

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The Karasuk culture describes a group of Bronze Age societies who ranged from the Aral Sea or the Volga River to the upper Yenisei catchment, ca. 1500-800 BC, subsequent to the Afanasevo culture.[1] The remains are minimal and entirely of the mortuary variety. At least 2000 burials are known. The Karasuk period persisted down to c. 700 BC. From c. 700 to c. 200 BC, culture developed along similar lines. Vital trade contact is traced from northern China and the Baikal region to the Black Sea and the Urals, influencing the uniformity of the culture.[2]

The economy was mixed agriculture and stockbreeding. Arsenical bronze artefacts are present. They succeeded the Andronovo culture in this region and were farmers who primarily raised sheep.

Their settlements were of pit houses and they buried their dead in stone cists covered by kurgans and surrounded by square stone enclosures.

Industrially, they were skilled metalworkers, the diagnostic artifacts of the culture being a bronze knife with curving profiles and a decorated handle and horse bridles. The pottery has been compared to that discovered in Inner Mongolia and the interior of China, with bronze knives similar to those from northeastern China.[1]

It is believed by some scholars,the culture has its origin in Mongol, Northern China and Korea[3] Other scholars have suggested a connection with the Yeniseian and Burushaski people, even suggesting a Karasuk languages group. Skeletal remains indicate a relation with Central Asian Europids.

The Karasuk culture is followed by the Tagar culture, whose people use the same burial places, indicating a continuity in settlements.

Ancient DNA Edit

Ancient DNA extracted from the remains of two males who dated back to the Karasuk culture were determined to be of Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a. Extracted mtDNA from two female remains from this cultural horizon revealed they possessed the U5a1 and U4 lineages.[4]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 home.earthlink.net/~waluk/Alekseev/Lecture13.doc
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. http://www.drummingnet.com/alekseev/Lecture13.doc
  4. C. Keyser et al. 2009. Ancient DNA provides new insights into the history of south Siberian Kurgan people. Human Genetics.

de:Karassuk-Kultur es:Cultura de Karasuk it:Cultura di Karasuk ja:カラスク文化 pl:Kultura karasukska ru:Карасукская культура tr:Karasuk kültürü uk:Карасукська культура

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