The Lengyel culture, ca. 5000–4000 BC, was an archaeological culture located in the area of modern-day southern Moravia, western Slovakia, western Hungary, parts of southern Poland, and in adjacent sections of Austria, Slovenia, and Croatia.
Agriculture and stock raising (mainly cattle, but also pigs, and to a lesser extent, ovicaprids) was practiced, though a large number of wild faunal remains have also been recovered. Settlements consisted of small houses as well as trapezoid longhouses. These settlements were sometimes open, sometimes surrounded by a defensive ditch.
Inhumation was in separate cemeteries, in the flexed position with apparently no preference for which side the deceased was laid out in.
It was associated with the cover-term Old Europe by Marija Gimbutas, though may have been undergone "kurganization" by the Proto-Indo-Europeans and become integrated into the successor Globular Amphora culture.
- J. P. Mallory, "Lengyel Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.
- The Lengyel Culture Sphere by Maximilian O. Baldia
de:Lengyel-Kultur it:Cultura di Lengyel lt:Lendjelio kultūra hu:Lengyeli kultúra nl:Lengyelcultuur pl:Kultura lendzielska pt:Cultura Lengyel ru:Культура Лендьел sk:Lengyelská kultúra fi:Lengyelin kulttuuri